Labor-Based Grading Contracts

Building Equity and Inclusion in the Compassionate Writing Classroom

by Asao B. Inoue

Perspectives on Writing series
Co-Published with CSU Open Press


In Labor-Based Grading Contracts, Asao B. Inoue argues for the use of labor-based grading contracts along with compassionate practices to determine course grades as a way to do social justice work with students. He frames this practice by considering how Freirean problem-posing led him to experiment with grading contracts and explore the literature on grading contracts. Inoue offers a robust Marxian theory of labor that considers Hannah Arendt's theory of labor-work-action and Barbara Adam's concept of "timescapes." The heart of the book details the theoretical and practical ways labor-based grading contracts can be used and assessed for effectiveness in classrooms and programs. Inoue concludes the book by moving outside the classroom, considering how assessing writing in the socially just ways he offers in the book may provide a way to address the violence and discord seen in the world today.

This book is also available as an open access ebook through the

WAC Clearinghouse

Asao B. Inoue is professor of Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences, director of university writing and the writing center at the University of Washington Tacoma.

Imprint: The WAC Clearinghouse

Book Details

  • Paperback Price: $39.95
  • Paperback ISBN: 978-1-60732-925-1
  • Ebook Price: Open Access
  • Publication Month: September
  • Publication Year: 2019
  • Pages: 354
  • Illustrations: 6
  • Discount Type: Short
  • Author: by Asao B. Inoue
  • ECommerce Code: 978-1-60732-925-1