foreword by Alfredo López Austin
Mesoamerican Worlds Series
"As an anthropologist, I stand in complete awe of what Stresser-Péan has accomplished in this book. It is classical ethnographic research at its very best. . . . It is truly one of the finest pieces of work I have had the privilege to read, and it is without doubt the result of a lifetime of devotion. I would highly recommend this book not just to anyone interested in the Nahua and Totonac people of the Sierra Norte de Puebla in Mexico or specialists in Latin American Christianity, but to anyone interested in Christian missions, religious syncretism, and folk spirituality. Stresser-Péan has made a lifetime of knowledge available to us, and it is knowledge well worth studying in more depth."
—Robert Danielson, Missiology
"Twenty chapters spanning nearly six centuries present fascinating studies of pilgrimages, divination, individual indigenous intellectuals, cosmogony, eschatology, and, above all, dances that keep the central Mexican cosmos in prayerful motion and its communities connected to a sacred landscape that readers are fortunate to view through Stresser-Péan's decades of respectful, sympathetic, and precise observations. Summing up: Highly recommended."
—K.S. Fine-Dare, Fort Lewis College, Choice Magazine
The first English translation of Guy Stresser-Péan's tour-de-force presents two decades of fieldwork in the Sierra Norte de Puebla, Mexico, where native pre-Hispanic pagan beliefs blended with traditional Catholic evangelization from the sixteenth century and the more recent intrusion of modernism.
The Indians of the Sierra Norte de Puebla are deeply devoted to Christianity, but their devotion is seamlessly combined with pagan customs, resulting in a hybrid belief system that is not wholly indigenous, yet not wholly Christian. The syncretism practiced here has led the Totonac and Nahua people to identify Christ with the Sun God, a belief expressed symbolically in ritual practices such as the Dance of the Voladores.
Spanning the four centuries from the earliest systematic campaign against Nahua ritual practices—Zumárraga's idolatry trials of 1536-1540—to the twentieth century, Stresser-Péan contextualizes Nahua and Totonac ritual practices as a series of responses to Christian evangelization and the social reproduction of traditional ritual practices. The Sun God and the Savior is a monumental work on the ethnographic and historical knowledge of the peoples of the Sierra Norte.