Machine Scoring of Student Essays

Truth and Consequences

edited by Patricia Freitag Ericsson and Richard Haswell

The current trend toward machine-scoring of student work, Ericsson and Haswell argue, has created an emerging issue with implications for higher education across the disciplines, but with particular importance for those in English departments and in administration. The academic community has been silent on the issue—some would say excluded from it—while the commercial entities who develop essay-scoring software have been very active.

Machine Scoring of Student Essays is the first volume to seriously consider the educational mechanisms and consequences of this trend, and it offers important discussions from some of the leading scholars in writing assessment.

Reading and evaluating student writing is a time-consuming process, yet it is a vital part of both student placement and coursework at post-secondary institutions. In recent years, commercial computer-evaluation programs have been developed to score student essays in both of these contexts. Two-year colleges have been especially drawn to these programs, but four-year institutions are moving to them as well, because of the cost-savings they promise. Unfortunately, to a large extent, the programs have been written, and institutions are installing them, without attention to their instructional validity or adequacy.

Since the education software companies are moving so rapidly into what they perceive as a promising new market, a wider discussion of machine-scoring is vital if scholars hope to influence development and/or implementation of the programs being created. What is needed, then, is a critical resource to help teachers and administrators evaluate programs they might be considering, and to more fully envision the instructional consequences of adopting them. And this is the resource that Ericsson and Haswell are providing here.

 

Patricia Freitag Ericsson teaches courses in technical communication, multimedia authoring, rhetoric, and critical technology studies at Washington State University.

Patricia Freitag Ericsson teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in technical communication, multimedia authoring, rhetoric, and critical technology studies. She earned her Ph.D. in Rhetoric and Technical Communication in 2003 from Michigan Technological University. Previous to that she completed degrees at Augustana College of South Dakota (M.A. in Composition Theory and Technology) and at the University of South Dakota (B.S. in English Education). Before coming to WSU, she taught Composition and Rhetoric at Dakota State University and directed the DSU Writing Program.

Richard Haswell retired from Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi, in 2005. At Washington State University, he directed the composition program (1972–82) and the cross-campus writing-assessment program (1993–96). He is author of Gaining Ground in College Writing (1991), coauthor of Early Holistic Scoring of Writing (2019) with Norbert Elliot, Authoring (2010) and Hospitality and Authoring (2015) with Janis Haswell, and coeditor of Comp Tales (2000), Beyond Outcomes (2001), and Machine Scoring of Student Essays (2006). With colleague Glenn Blalock, he created CompPile, an online bibliography of scholarship in composition and rhetoric.

Imprint: Utah State University Press

Book Details

  • Paperback Price: $27.95
  • Paperback ISBN: 978-0-87421-632-5
  • Ebook Price: $18.95
  • 30-day ebook rental price: $5.99
  • EISBN: 978-0-87421-536-6
  • Publication Year: 2006
  • Pages: 274
  • Discount Type: Short
  • Author: edited by Patricia Freitag Ericsson and Richard Haswell
  • ECommerce Code: 978-0-87421-632-5